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自然地理

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地 理

【weizhi、mianji】huarongxianweiyuhunanshengbeibubianchui,yueyangshixijing,dichudongjing112°18′31″~113°1′32″,beiwei29°10′18″~29°48′27″。beiyizhangjiang,nanbindongtinghu。zhoulin6xian(shi)、chang,dongyuyueyangshijunshanqujiaojie,xiyuyiyangshinanxianxianglin,nanlianguoyingbeizhouzinongchang,beijiehubeishengshishoushi,dongbeiyuhubeishengjianlixiangejiangxiangwang。jingneidongxizuidahengju68gongli,nanbeizuidazongju80gongli。jiyumianji1606pingfanggongli,zhanquanshengmianjide0.76%。qizhongpingyuan1028pingfanggongli(buhanjiang、hu、he、kudengshuiyu),zhan56%;dishanqiugangqu328.2pingfanggongli,zhan17.8%;shuimian255pingfanggongli,zhan26.2%。

【dizhi、dimao】huarongweiyuyangzitanditaidejiangnandizhoushang,shujiyouqiangliejiyazhezhoushangshengyundong,youyoushengjiangyundongdejiangnangulu。xianjingdichudongtinghuaopendibeiyuan,dishibeigaonandi,zhongbuqiuganglongqi,dongxidipingkaikuo,weixiangdongdongtinghuqingxie。dimaofenqutezhengjiaoweimingxian:dongbeibuweidishanqiulingqu,jianyouxigupingyuan,zhongnanbuweiqiugangqu,qiyuweipingyuan。pingjunhaibazai35miyishang,haibazuigaodian(leidayan)wei382.9mi,zuididianweidonghuhudi(haiba)21mi,gaocha361.9mi。quanxianandimaoleixingkefenweipingyuanheshandiliangdalei。anchengyinkefenwei:jianghepingyuan、xigupingyuanhebinhupingyuan;angaochengkefenweigangdi、qiuling、dishan3lei。

【气候特征】huarongdishubeiyaredai,weishirunxingdalujifengqihou。juyou“qihouwenhe,sijifenming,reliangchongzu,yushuijizhong;chunnuanduobian,xiaqiuduohan,yanhanqiduan,shureqizhang”detedian。2021niandu:pingjunqiwen18.0℃,jiaoliniangao1.2℃;nianjiduanzuigaoqiwen38.3℃,chuxianzai8yue17ri,nianjiduanzuidiqiwen-4.1℃,chuxianzai1yue1ri;nianzongjiangshuiliang1065.7mm,jiaolinianpianshao224.1mm,rizuidajiangshuiliang65.0mm,chuxianzai5yue26ri;nianrizhaozongshishuwei1575.7xiaoshi,pianshao156.7xiaoshi;baoyuri2tian;wushuangqi283tian。2021niannianpingjunqiwenpiangao,7-9yuechuxiangaowenrehaitianqiguocheng;jiangshuiliangqianhoupianduo,zhongjianpianshao,1-2yuechuxianlishihanjiandechixuguazhaotianqi,bingqiechuxianlianyinyutianqi,8-10yuechuxianchixuganhantianqiguocheng;nianrizhaopianshao,rizhaonianbaifenlvwei35%。bennianhuarongxianjinglichixulianyinyu、ganhanhegaowenrehaitianqi,duinongye、linye、dianlihequnzhongshenghuojundailailebuliyingxiang。

自然环境

【水系】huarongjingneihuboxingbu,heliuwangzhi,shuixifada。youneihu 21 ge,xushuimianji74.5pingfanggongli,diaoxushuiliang12154wanlimi,neihe 8 tiao,zhang83.80gongli,xushuiliang 3018 wanlimi。shuiku73 zuo,qizhongzhongxingshuiku3zuo,xiao(yi)xingshuiku 5 zuo,xiao(er)xingshuiku 65 zuo,shantanggangdang 6174chu,zongxushuiliang9139.87wanlifangmi。zhangjiangshuixiouchihe、huaronghechuanjingerguo。jiashangnianjiangyuliang1226.9haomi,zongchanshuiliang20.35yilimi,jianquzhengfaliang11.7yilimi,shuiziyuanzongliangwei8.65yilimi,qizhongdibiaoshuiwei6.63yilimi,dixiashuiwei2.02yilimi。

【土壤】quanxianturanggonghuafenwei4getulei,qizhongshuidaoturangzhan69.38%,chaotuzhan12.86%,hongrangtuzhan16.3%,caiyuantuzhan1.46%。shuidaotuzhong,juyoucengcifenming、fayuwanzheng、gengxinghao、baoshuibaofeiliqiang、youxiaoyangfenhanliangfengfu,zuishiyiyushuangjidaozaipeidezhuyuxingshuidaotuzhan82.6%,zhuyaofenbuzaihuanqugaodijishanqiuqudepingyuandidai;qitayanyuxingheshenyuxingdengjiaochadeshuidaotuzhan17.4%,fenbuzaihuanqudichuheshanqiuqudegaokangdidai。chaotuturangzhong,juyoutucengshenhou,zhidishizhong,tuzhifeiwo,shiyiyumian、ma、sangdengzhongzhidegengxingzichaotu,zhanchaotutuleide88.8%,qitazichaotuzhan11.2%。gengxingdisijihongrangtu,tucengshenhou,suan、zhan、shou,shiyiyucha、guozhongzhidezhanhongrangde47.9%,fenbuyudongbuhezhongnanbudeqiugangdidai。anshuihanturangdengjifen:shuitianfensiji,yijizhan22.65%,erjizhan30.38%,sanjizhan34.1%,sijizhan12.87%。handi(hancaiyuantu)yefensiji,yijizhan27.71%,erjizhan31.44%,sanjizhan32.77%,sijizhan8.08%。

【植被】huarongfeiwodeturang,wennuanshirundeqihou,shiyizhiwushengzhang。yeshengzhiwuheyijingxunhuayongyulinyeshengchandezaipeizhiwugongyou904zhong(baokuobianzhong),anqiliyongjiazhikefenweifanghu、yongcai、shiyong、yaoyong、gongye、nongye、guanshangdeng6lei。liangshizuowuyoushuidaodeng6zhong;jingjizuowuyoumianhuadeng5zhong;youliaozuowuyouyoucaideng4zhong;shuiguozuowuyoubansudeng8zhong;shucaizuowuyoulajiaodeng20zhong;lvfeizuowuyouhonghuacaozideng2zhong;shuishengzhiwuheyeshengzhiwuyoulianoudeng5zhong。

【dongwu】jingneidongwuziyuanfensandalei。zhu、jidengjiachujiaqin:jiachujiaqinyou10zhong。shuishengdongwuyouqingyu、jiyudengyulei117zhong。yeshengdongwuyouguojiayijibaohudongwuzhonghuaxundeng10zhong;erjibaohudongwuyoujiangtun、libangdeng37zhong;sanjibaohudongwuyouchaigoudeng63zhong。niaoleiyoubage、maquedeng130zhong。shouleiyouhuangshu、bianfudeng23zhong。

【kuangchan】quanxianyifaxiandekuangchanzhongleiyoujin30zhong,zhuyaodeyou18zhong,ji:chitiekuang、nitankuang、jiazhangshi、huimukuang、lvzhushi、dujushi、linyikuang、you、yunmu、huagangyan、taoliyeyan、shiyingshi、gaolingtu、taotu、zhuanwayongzhantu、jianzhuyongsha、kuangquanshui、tianranqi。kuangchandi99chu。yitanmingchuliangdekuangchanyou8zhong,qizhonghuagangyan、gaolingtu、jiazhangshi、dujushi、linyikuangweibenxianyoushikuangzhong。huagangyanzhuyaofenbuyuxianjingdongbeibuxiaomoshanhetaohuashanyidai;gaolingtuzhuyaofujizaihongshantou、tashiyiyidai;kuangquanshuiweiyunanshanxiangdachengsi;dujushiyunzangyutaohuashanyutianjingshanliangpingxingshanmaizhijiandecaoxingdiduan;shiyingshichuliangdekuangdianyou11ge,fenbuzaidongshan、tashiyi、hongshantou、shengfeng、sanfengsi、chaqidengxiangzhen;tianranqifucunyudisixidicengnei,yidonghudong、tianjiahuzhiniushihuxice、yanglinsuozhizhuzikouyidaiqidianduoqiehao。songjiazuizhenzhixinhexiangyidai,weitianranqixiangduifujiqu,caojun、nanshan、chaqi、zhuzikou、xingfudengdijunfaxianyoujingpenxianxiangdeqidian。

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